Operations management and productivity techniques pdf

Operational management focuses on implementing processes that make a business run more efficiently. The type of work in which the main operation or group of operations repeat continuously during the time spent at the job. While the managers are involved in planning, organizing and controlling, operations managers have the direct responsibility of getting the. At the same time one of the key performance indicators of the enterprise is labor productivity, which characterizes the fraction of output or services produced per unit of labor input, the ratio of the results to the labor costs incurred. Work measurements is used to develop standard times needed to perform operations. Chapter 21 production is a process or procedure developed to transform a set of input elements into a specified set of output elements in the form of finished products or services, whereas productivity is an efficiency concept that gauges the ratio of outputs relative to inputs in a productive process. Bureau of labor statistics bls multifactor productivity techniques duke and.

Productivity in production and operations management. Method study in production and operations management. Operations management involves planning, organizing, and supervising processes, and make necessary improvements for higher profitability. Operations management is an area of management concerned with designing and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services. Operations layout and flow in operations management. Operations management is all through us and is integral to every business. Sometimes called production management, the field is crossfunctional, tying in with other departments such as sales, marketing, and finance. The importance of production and operation management is the process that combines and transforms various resources used in the production operation subsystem of the organization into valueadded productsservices in a controlled manner as per the policies of the organization. Pdf technology and operations management operations. Higher productivity in organization leads to national prosperity and better standard of living for the whole community. Proceedings of the 2012 international conference on industrial engineering and operations management istanbul, turkey, july 3 6, 2012.

The concept of operations management is universally applicable to all functions including production, materials, human resources, marketing, logistics and supply chain management. Operations productivity and competitiveness in context. Pdf for volume 4 the theme is technology and operations management. It involves the responsibility of ensuring that business operations are efficient in terms of using as few resources as needed and effective in terms of meeting customer requirements. Introduction to operations management unit introduction operations, as it is termed, are focused on conversion of input to output. Production control ensures regular and smooth flow of material and coordinates different manufacturing operations through the methods of programming, ordering, dispatching, progressing and inventory control. Smartturn created this ebook for business owners, logistics professionals, accounting staff, and procurement managers responsible for inventory, warehouse and 3pl operations, as well as anyone else who. Productivity improvement is to do the right things better and make it a part of continuous process. This video series is for those new to operations management or individuals who just want to know a little more about om basics. Productivity and operations management, business textbook.

Productivity improvement techniques or methods, article posted by gaurav akrani on kalyan city life blog. Definition, principles, activities, trends since all companies have operations, i. Work measurement in production and operations management. Chapter 1 improving operations performance with world class manufacturing. A flexible and dynamic management style is a better approach to achieve higher productivity. For the purpose of work measurement, work can be regarded as. Method study in production and operation management. The operations managers toolbox using the best project management techniques to improve processes and maximize efficiency. Pdf in this paper we investigate the possible relationships among some optimization techniques used in operations management and the performance of. Productivity is one of the keys to financial success of the enterprise. Job design decisions factors affecting job design behavioural considerations in job. Job design and work organisation in operations management. Productivity management in an organization toknowpress. Operations management learning objectives 1 define operations management and discuss the role of the operations manager in a manufacturing company.

The adjustments in the everyday operations have to support the companys strategic goals, so they are preceded by deep analysis and measurement of the current processes. The purpose of this module is to provide students with a sound understanding of the role and functioning of production and operations management, selected design, planning and control tasks and responsibilities of production and operation managers and productivity management with regards to the management of operations in organisations. In this course, you will learn about the role of operations and how they are connected to other business functions in manufacturing. Management techniques to reduce work content and to eliminate ineffective time. Production and operations management department of higher. Overview of productivity and scope,nature and objective of operation management. The evolution of midtolongrun economic growth which is a crucial assumption of analyses, on fiscal sustainability, for instance relies substantially on perspectives on productivity growth. Production management deals with manufacturing of products like computer, car, etc while operations management cover both products and services. Pdf strategic operations management radhitya wirawan. A high level comparison which distinct production and operations management can be done on following characteristics.

The role of productivity improvement tools and techniques in the textile sector during manufacturing. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Pdf line balancing techniques for productivity improvement. Objectives of production and operations management is to acquaint the mba students with decision making in planning, scheduling and control of production and operations management functions in both manufacturing and services. Define productivity in production and operation management. Therefore the operation management discipline also involves the development of such a system of performance evaluation and methods by which the operating. Operations management is an effective and efficient way of carrying out a business process manufacturing or service sector aimed at maximization of customer satisfaction and return on.

The final consulting report describes several steps to increase productivity including implementation of cuttingedge processing techniques through more powerful filtering systems. Operations management is the application of concepts, procedures and technologies by managers to improve the process of transformation of resource inputs into outputs. Pdf an analysis of the effect of operations management practices. Calculate the labor productivity for the existing as well as the proposed system.

Techniques for improving the productivity of an organization. Discounts for the eoq model importance of inventory management inventory. Download operations management and productivity techniques by. Despite the fact that researchers have paid much attention to strategic management tools and techniques, there is no clear definition of these tools and techniques. Using trendy and fascinating examples this mannequin new textual content material book brings to life elementary operations management guidelines and theories that are related to every manufacturing and restore circumstances, reflecting the very latest developments on this dynamic topic. The role of productivity improvement tools and techniques.

Lectures notes on production and operation management vssut. Job design, specialization, methods analysis production operations management business management. It results in better work place layout with minimum movement of workers and machines. In order to understand the essence of strategic management tools and techniques, a precise definition of it should be presented. Affecting productivity productivity improvement techniques. The company also satisfies necessary om decisions to. Or technique uses a scientific method to study the alternative courses of actions and to select the best. Improving the ways in which the work is done methods improves productivity, work study and industrial engineering techniques and training are the areas which improve the work methods, which in term enhance the productivity. This gives managers more power and confidence not only. Productivity analysis through simulation technique to optimize an.

Productivity is a fundamental concept in economic analysis. Operations and production is the management function concerned with the design. The various methods used for productivity improvement are waste in all forms was. The term operations management encompasses planning, implementing, and supervising the production of goods or services. Buy operations management and productivity techniques by p. Operations managers have responsibilities in both strategy and daytoday production, in either manufacturing or services. Some of the major techniques used for production control in an organisation are. These apply to work cycles of extremely short duration. Techniques of work measurement in production management.

The use of operations and production management tools and. Productivity is the quantitative relation between what we produce and we use as a resource to produce them, i. The effectiveness and efficiency of an organization depends on how effectively and efficiently operations are managed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Operations management and productivity techniques t. By implementing techniques used in operational management, small business owners can reap a host of benefits including decreased costs, increased revenue and operational improvements. Production and operations management notes pdf mba 2020. Technology and operations management operations management ii volume 4. Production and operations management notes for mba pdf.

Therefore it is important to adopt efficient productivity improvement technique so as to ensure individuals and organization. Analysis and improvement methods from university of illinois at urbanachampaign. This influence the organizational design, communication in organization, policy and procedures. Method study enables the industrial engineer to subject each operation to systematic analysis. Time standards have traditionally been defined as the time.

902 11 1324 401 1412 576 870 587 482 647 742 939 37 712 558 374 1425 1360 929 922 237 20 469 233 1110 125 1253 1196 1082 597 611